19. Januar 2021

The codebook for the larger study had been based considerably from the factors manufactured by Kunkel

Not absolutely all product which was taped was coded. As our focus had been on scripted development, we excluded news that is daily, game shows, sports shows and activities, and paid development, in addition to all kinds of commercials as well as other promotions ( ag e.g., teasers for community programs). Although music videos had been taped, they certainly were coded and analyzed individually because of the unique faculties and they are perhaps maybe not reported right right here. The analyses provided in this paper, nevertheless, do are the video that is nonmusic from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs. In addition, implies that were incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. weren’t coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the sample.

The sample that is final the 2001 2002 period contained 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the ultimate test for the 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test when it comes to 2nd content analysis ended up being significantly bigger than the very first 12 months’s sample once we produced concerted work in 12 months 2 to make sure that we had three episodes of every nonsyndicated show. Despite strict adherence to your sampling plan, extra taping was needed whenever, for instance, brand brand new programs joined free adult sex video chat the autumn lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or once the time and time slot for a set had been changed.


The codebook when it comes to bigger research had been based considerably from the factors produced by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted when it comes to Kaiser Family Foundation. We created extra things, including those on exact same intercourse intimate behavior and sexual talk regarding nonheterosexuals. Contrary to Kunkel and peers, whom utilized the scene while the unit that is primary of, our content analyses involved coding for sexual content in 2 moment periods of system time. Because scenes differ quite a bit in total and, hence, usually do not offer a consistent product of measure in making evaluations across programs, we utilized a coding that is standard predicated on time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized often by other scientists conducting content analyses across different system genres including movies, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).

For purposes with this content analysis, intercourse had been thought as any depiction of sex, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications regarding relationship and relationships, that have been maybe not coded. As an example, a declaration such as “i enjoy my boyfriend” wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as “I made want to my boyfriend” will be coded.

Exact exact exact Same intercourse behavior that is sexual

Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing one or more types of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse implied, sexual activity depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 had been additionally evaluated when it comes to existence of exact same intercourse behavior that is sexual. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted into the period took place between two different people regarding the exact same intercourse.

Mention nonheterosexual issues that are sexual

Each 2 minute period that was coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups found in the key coding task ( ag e.g., feedback about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, explore sexual activity who has currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) has also been coded for whether any of the intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals. With this product, programmers once again used a yes/no response format to point whether some of the intimate talk reflected the intimate interests or issues of nonheterosexual individuals. Frequently, such commentary associated with gays and lesbians, although sometimes they certainly were related to bisexuals.